Justice Ramachandra Raju Commission Report
Justice Ramachandra Raju Commission Report
ABSTRACT- Appointment of Commission of Inquiry, headed by Justice Sri P. Ramachandra Raju (Retd.) under the Commissions of Inquiry Act 1952 - Submission of Report - Appointment of Cabinet Sub-Committee to give findings on the report of the Commission - Acceptance of the findings of the Cabinet Sub-Committee furnished to the Government-In pursuance to the recommendations of the Commission -Orders - Issued.
SOCIAL WELFARE (J1) DEPARTMENTG.O.Ms.No. 68 Dated : 6-6-1997
Read : 1. G.O.Ms.No. 99, Social Welfare (J1) Dept. Dated 10-9-1996.
2. G.O.Ms.No. 66, Social Welfare (J1) Dept. dated 2-6-1997.
A Commission of Inquiry was appointed vide G.O. first read above headed by Justice Shri Ramachandra Raju (Retd.) to examine : a) Whether a disproportionately large number of benefits have gone to any particular sub-caste of scheduled castes; and b) If so, to indicate all such steps as are necessary and required to be taken to ensure that the above benefits are equitably distributed among the various subcastes of scheduled castes.
2. The Commission of Inquiry issued a notification on 1-10-1996 in the Gazette and several English and Telugu dailies inviting representations from any individual or associations relevant to the subject matter of the enquiry giving time till 31-10-1996. The said notification was also sent individually to all the Ministers, the Speaker of the Assembly, all M.Ps. and M.L.As ofAndhra Pradesh, Heads of the Departments, District Collectors, District Judges, Superintendents of Police, Chairman of Zilla Praja Parishads, Registrar of High Court, various Universities etc. The time for filing the representations was extended by the Commission upto 31-1-1997 and representations received even subsequent to 31-1-1997 from scheduled castes associations and individuals were examined by the Commission.
3. The Commission received statistical data regarding the scheduled caste employees (sub-caste wise) employed in various Govt. departments (both Central and State Government), State Government Public Sector Undertakings, Local Bodies and Cooperative Institutions. The Commission also received data about appointments of scheduled castes (sub-caste wise) from various Service Commissions, for the period 1990 onwards. The Commission received responses from several Educational Institutions also regarding the educational benefits enjoyed by various sub-castes of scheduled castes for the period 1995 onwards.
The statistics received upto 15-5-1997 were tabulated by the Commission and responses received on or after 16-5-1997 were not tabulated but separately considered at the appropriate places in the report of the Commission.
4. The Commission submitted its report on 28-5-1997 which was examined in depth by the Cabinet Sub-Committee constituted vide G.O. second cited. The Cabinet Sub-Committee recommended for acceptance of most of the recommendations of the Commission to the Government.
The Government after careful consideration of the report of the Commission, have agreed with the findings of the Cabinet Sub-Committee and accept the following findings of the Commission :- I. There is disproportionate distribution of reservation benefits in favour of the 'Mala' group and 'Adi-Andhra' group of scheduled caste communities compared to their respective populations. II. Both the 'Madiga' group and 'Relli' group of communities are not adequately represented either in public appointments or in educational institutions compared to their respective populations categorising these S.C. communities into four groups 'A', 'B', 'C' and 'D' on a rational basis.
5. Therefore, the Government have decided to implement the following recommendations of the Commission with immediate effect:
i) The 'Relli' group of communities will consist of the following sub- castes as listed in the Andhra Pradesh Scheduled Castes Presidential Order 1950 i.e. Bavuri, 12, Chachati, 16. Chandala, 18. Dandasi, 20. Dom, Dombara, Paidi, Pano, 22. Ghasi, Haddi, Relli Chachandi, 23. Godagali, 48. Mehtar, 51. Paky, Moti, Thoti, 53. Pamidi, 55. Relli, 58. Sapru. The 'Relli' group of communities is the most backward among the S.C. communities and are therefore categorised as 'A' with percentage entitlement of one percent (1%) of reservation in proportion to their population, both in public appointments and admissions to educational institutions. They shall be adjusted in serial number 2 of the roster as specified in G.O.Ms.No. 357, General Administration (Ser.D) Department dated 23-6-1989.
ii) The 'Madiga' group of communities will consist of the following sub-castes as listed in the A.P. Scheduled Castes Presidential Order 1950. 5. Arundhatiya, 9, Beda Jangam, Budga Jangam, 10. Bindia, 14. Chamar, Mochi, Muchi, 15. Chambhar, 17 Dakkal, Dokkalwar, 19. Dhor, 24. Godari. 28. Jaggali, 29. Jambuvulu, 30. Kolupulvandlu, 32. Madiga, 33. Madiga Dasu, Mashteen, 43. Mang, 44. Mang Garodi, 47. Matangi, 56. Samagara, 59. Sindhollu, Chindollu. The 'Madiga' group of communities is the next most backward among the S.C. communities and therefore they are categorised as 'B' with percentage entitlement of seven percent (7%) of reservation in proportion to their population, both in public appointments and admissions to educational institutions. They shall be adjusted in serial numbers 7, 22, 41, 62, 72, 87 and 97 in the roster as obtained in G.O.Ms.No. 357, G.A. (Ser.D) Dept., dated 23-6-1989.
iii) The 'Mala' group of communities will consist of the following sub-castes as listed in the A.P. Scheduled Castes Presidential Order 1950. 2. Adi Dravida, 3. anamuk, 4. Aray Mala, 6. Arwa Mala, 7. Bariki, 11. Byagara, 13. Chalavadi, 21. Ellamalawar, Yellmmala wandlu, 25. Gosangi, 26. Holeya, 27. Holeya Dasari, 31. Madasi Kuruva, Madari Kuruva, 34. Mahar, 35. Mala, 36. Mala Dasari, 37. Mala Dasu, 38. Mala Hannai, 39. Malajangam, 40. Mala Masti, 41. Mala Sale, Netkani, 42. Mala Sanyasi, 45. Manne, 50, Mundala, 55. Pambada, Pambanda, 57. Samban. The 'Mala' group of communities are receiving benefits of reservations wholly disproportionate to their population and are therefore categorised as 'C' with percentage entitlement of six percent (6%) of reservation in proportion to their population both in public appointments and admissions to educational institutions. They shall be adjusted in serial numbers 16, 27, 47, 66, 77 and 91 in the roster as specified in G.O.Ms.No. 357, G.A. (Ser.D.) Dept., dated 23-6-1989.
iv) The 'Adi-Andhra' group of communities will consist of the following sub-castes as listed in the A.P. Scheduled Castes Presidential Order 1950. 1. Adi Andhra, 46. Mashti, 49. Mitha Ayyalvar, 54. Panchama, Pariah. The 'Adi-Andhra' group of communities are receiving benefits of reservation wholly disproportionate to their population and are therefore categorised as-'D' with percentage entitlement of one percent (1%) of reservation in proportion to their population, both in public appointments and admissions to educational institutions. They shall be adjusted in serial number 52 in the roster as specified in the G.O.Ms.No. 357, G.A.(Ser.D) Dept., dt. 23-6-1989.
v) The 33 1/3% reservations provided for women in public services shall be adjusted by allotting two seats in each roster cycle of 100 point fixed for 'Madiga' group and 'Mala' group and one seat alternately for 'Relli' group and 'Adi-Andhra' group.
vi) If eligible candidates are not available to fill the slots reserved for them in the roster points as mentioned above, the slots may be filled in by the candidates belonging to the next lower group or category of the S.C. communities as described in the aforesaid paras. For example, in the boster point fixed for 'Relli' group i.e. - category 'A' if an eligible candidate is not available, the roster point may be filled by the next lower category of 'Madiga' group i.e. category 'B'. For Women candidates also the same principle will be followed. For example, in the roster point fixed for 'Relli' group (Women), i.e. category 'A', if an eligible woman candidate is not available, the roster point may be filled by the woman candidate belonging to the next lower category of 'Madiga' group i.e. category 'B'.
vii) If no eligible S.C. candidate (including woman candidate, wherever applicable) belonging to any of the 'A', 'B', 'C", 'D' categories is available, then the vacancy will be carried forward but shall not be filled by a candidate belonging to any other community other than S.Cs in accordance with the rules and Government orders in force.
6. (i). The above orders will be applicable from the academic year 1997- 98, in all the educational institutions under the control of the Sate Government, wherever rule of reservation is being implemented. (ii) In the case of public appointments for the backlog vacancies/regular vacancies to be filled by Scheduled Caste candidates, pursuant to various Government instructions issued in this regard from time to time, and where the selection process has been completed i.e. appointment orders have been dispatched or the applicants have been intimated officially that he/she has been selected and should await posting orders, in such cases the above orders will not be applicable. (iii) Separate instructions will be issued by the Government regarding the appointments to the backlog vacancies/regular vacancies, where the selection process is at various stages and the appointment orders have not been despatched or selection has not been intimated to the applicants. iv) In the public appointments to be made henceforth, wherever rule of reservation is being implemented, these orders will be applicable.
7. The categorisation of Scheduled Castes into 'A', 'B', 'C', 'D', groups as mentioned above does not apply to posts or admissions to educational institutions under the control of the Central Government Departments or Central Government Corporations/Public Sector Undertakings.8. The General Administration (Services) Department and the Education Department (Higher Education and School Education) will issue necessary orders seperately, modifying the existing Government Orders/ Instructions of their departments, in pursuance to the decisions mentioned above.
(By order and in the Name of the Governor of Andhra Pradesh)
Chief Secretary to Government
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